Fruits and Vegetables in the guinea pigs diet

beige guinea pig sitting on white tile floor
22 September 2020 Pets4Company

Find out which fruits and vegetables are most suitable and their health benefits for your Guinea Pig!

Guinea Pigs are herbivorous animals. This means that their diet consists of fruits and vegetables. The most important element in a guinea pig diet is hay in a proportion of 70%, followed by pelletized feed in a 20% proportion and last but not least, vegetables by 10%. Vegetables provide your piglet with essential micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) as well as a varied and tastier diet.

Like humans, piggies cannot obtain vitamin C by any other means, depending on their diet to restore the vitamin's values. fruits and vegetables play a crucial role in the health of your guinea pig as it is through them that vitamin C will be ingested thus preventing some issues like scurvy .

Note: Some pelletized diets contain added vitamin C, however, the amount is not enough.

When preparing your guinea pig vegetables, always choose fresh, and if possible, organic farming products, free of chemicals as guinea pigs are very sensitive.

The amount per pig should not exceed one cup per day (the equivalent of a handful).

Following is the list of fruits and vegetables that are allowed in a guinea pig diet in decreasing order of vitamin C!

Warning: Fruits should not exceed one to two servings per week, especially the most acidic ones. Its acidity can cause wounds and chronic inflammation in the mouth and lips, known as chelitis !

black and white spotted guinea pig sitting on top of vegetables
Picture by: Nayara Colli

Vegetables:

  • Salsa
  • Coriander
  • Celery
  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Purple Kale
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Turnip Leaf
  • Peppers
  • Indian mustard
  • Watercress
  • Beet Leaf
  • Spinach (in moderation)
  • Carrot Leaf
  • Fresh pea shoots
  • Romaine or red lettuce (avoid iceberg)
  • Arugula
  • Green, Belgian and Italian endive
  • Asparagus
  • Artichoke
  • Celery stalks
  • Corn cob
  • Carrot (in moderation. Too much vitamin A can cause liver problems)
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Beet
  • Radish
  • Turnip
  • Parsnip
  • Cucumber
  • Zucchini
  • Pumpkin (of the various species but in moderation)

two guinea pigs, one white and one brown, eating vegetables
Picture by: Nayara Colli

Fruits:

  • Tomato (the leaves are toxic)
  • Tamarillo (the leaves are toxic)
  • Orange
  • Tangerine
  • Mandarin
  • Grapefruit
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Currants
  • Strawberries
  • Kiwi
  • Manga
  • Guava
  • Feijoa
  • Papaya
  • Persimmon
  • Rose hip
  • Pineapple
  • Apple (without seeds)
  • Pear
  • Asian pear
  • Nectarine
  • Apricot
  • Peach
  • Cherry (pitted)
  • Cranberries
  • Raspberry
  • Blackberry
  • Blueberry
  • Melon
  • Cantaloupe
  • Passion Fruit

In moderation, high sugar content:
  • Figs
  • Dates
  • Grapes
  • Plum and prune

In moderation, it can cause gastric problems:
  • Watermelon (excessively high water content)
  • Banana (can cause constipation and blockage)

two guinea pigs, one white and one brown, eating carrots
Picture by: Nayara Colli

Herbs and Plants:

  • Common grass herb
  • Shamrocks
  • Dandelion
  • Anise
  • Blackberry leaf
  • Raspberry leaf
  • Calendula
  • Chamomile
  • Canine Rose
  • Wild violets
  • Lemongrass
  • Linden
  • Mint
  • Thyme
  • Broad leaf basil

The list is long but tasty and we are sure that your little pig will love to try them all! Bon Appetit!

Want to know what foods are banned from your guinea pig's diet? Know more in this article!