10 Forbidden Foods for Guinea Pigs

white and brown guinea pig on top of a cut log surrounded by autumn leaves
25 September 2020 Pets4Company

Before you consider giving your guinea pig some treats or something other than its diet think ... like a guinea pig!

How often do we eat something that we would like to share with our guinea pig! Before considering giving your piggies a treat, or something that escapes their daily diet, think… like a guinea pig!

Guinea pigs are herbivorous animals, so they feed on plants and fruits. Since they are not predators, they do not hunt, so they do not eat meat or other animal protein.

With this in mind, here is a list of 10 forbidden foods for guinea pigs!

  • Dairy, Eggs and Meat - As we have already said, guinea pigs are herbivores, so they should never feed on animal products. Dog, cat or ferret feeds are also out of the question as they contain this type of protein that the pigs' digestive system is not prepared to digest. Symptoms may take time to appear, but they are usually fatal!
  • Iceberg Lettuce and Cabbage - Due to their high water content and low fiber content, lettuce can cause diarrhea. There are many options when it comes to safe vegetables for your piglet, many of which are rich in Vitamin C that you need so much. Cabbage and cauliflower should be given in moderation as they can cause gas in the intestinal tract that the piglets are not prepared to deal with. If you are not sure which fruits and vegetables you can give your piglet, check out our article!
  • Avocado - As far as avocado is concerned, it is a big NO! The lump and skin contain toxic substances and the pulp is rich in fats that cause overweight in piglets.

three guinea pigs eating vegetables

  • Onions, chives, garlic, leeks and shallots - This family of plants contains high levels of toxicity to piggies that can cause blood problems.
  • Rhubarb and other plants containing oxalic acid - this acid causes bladder stones and other urinary problems.
  • Leaves and stems of tomatoes. However, the tomato itself is perfectly safe.

white and beige guinea pig eating straw

  • Nuts and other nuts - as they contain a high content of natural fat they can cause piglets to overweight and overload the liver.
  • Seeds or seeds from other plants - are generally toxic. The seeds contain a substance that for guinea pigs is equivalent to cyanide in humans!
  • Chocolate or other sweets.
  • Pesticides - any plant treated with pesticides since they leave ingrained residues and quickly destroy the pigs' liver and kidneys that are the “filters” of their body.

If you still have doubts when feeding your piglet look for a vet! Nothing better than the support of a professional to help prepare a balanced and tasty diet for your pet, he will thank you!

gray guinea pig in a field with a white flower in the foreground