Fox Terrier: its origins and characteristics!

white and brown fox terrier dog sitting in a park
11 December 2020 Pets4Company

Energetic, intelligent and with a strong personality. Have you met the Fox Terrier?

Technical Sheet:

  • Origin: United Kingdom
  • Average Life Expectancy: 12 to 15 years
  • Weight: 7 to 9kg
  • Height: 33 to 41 cm
  • Dogs per Litter: 4 to 6 puppies
  • Subspecies: Smooth Fox Terrier; Wired Fox Terrier

white and brown fox terrier smooth on a green lawn

wired fox terrier dog lying in the sun on a wooden floor

Origin and History:

The Fox Terrier as we know today, appeared in the 18th century. Their role in the fox hunt was crucial since it was up to the Fox Terrier to lure the fox out of the den so that men on horseback and theirs hounds could chase them.

Its fur, mostly white, was selected so that it would not be confused at any point with the fox's red fur, thus providing a good contrast.

It was already in the 19th century that the species was recognized and registered by the American Kennel Club, but it was only in the 20th century that a separation was made between the smooth hair and the bristle or wired variants.

brown and black white fox terrier dog in an exhibition on an evaluation table


The coat of the Wired Fox Terrier is composed of two layers: an outer layer of dense and strong hair that overlaps a layer of short, soft hair, adapted to the cold and humid climate of the United Kingdom. Although the dominant color is white, the coat may contain black and / or brown spots.

The hair of the Wired Fox Terrier needs some maintenance (brushing and cutting) so that it does not form heavy and painful dreadlocks.

The ears should be cleaned periodically to avoid infections due to excess wax and dirt. The hair of these must be cut so that they can maintain the desirable shape and texture.

Energetic, intelligent and with an independent personality, he loves freedom and space to run. It needs regular walks to be able to get tired and mitigate its natural curiosity. However, once their needs of movement are fulfilled, they integrate seamlessly into the life and routines of a family.

dog white and brown terrier peeking out of an apartment window

Associated Health Problems:

Although it is not a species with associated serious health problems, some relatively common pathologies have been observed:

  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal dislocation
  • Falls
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome: a disease that occurs when blood vascularization to the coxofemoral joint is interrupted and the bone begins to die creating a situation of necrosis.

In love with the species? So are we. Find out more about this 4-legged friend in the video "Dogs 101 - Wire Fox Terrier - Top Dog Facts About the Wire Fox Terrier" from YouTube channel Brooklyns Corner